Photo of a man sitting at his desk in front of a computer screen.

3 steps to help reach your pension plan’s targeted funded status

If your organization’s pension plan’s funded status is on track, congratulations! But If you’re struggling to attain your funded status goal, you’re not alone. Help strike that balance with these steps.

Why is pension plan funded status so important?

When a defined benefit (DB) plan is underfunded, sponsors may find themselves needing to increase their plan contributions—often unexpectedly and by a lot—to avoid costly penalties or restrictions. As a business owner or a CFO, these type of funding “surprises” are not pleasant ones.

To help avoid unwanted surprises, consider these 3 steps for reaching your funded status goal:

1. Tailor your goal to whether your plan is active or frozen

To evaluate if you’re on track, you first need to establish what “on track” means for your plan. This depends largely on whether your plan is active or frozen. For active plans, you’ll want to consider the funding ratio on a PPA funding basis. That desired ratio might be the level needed to avoid benefit restrictions or eliminate PBGC variable rate premiums. If your plan is hard frozen, you’ll want to consider the funding ratio on a plan termination basis, keeping in mind that the plan will need to be 100% funded on that basis at termination.

2. Plan for interest rate changes

Impact of interest rate changes on the funded status of a pension

A chart showing how small changes in interest rates, even as low as 1%, can change plan liabilities 10 – 15% up or down.

Under the Pension Protection Act (PPA), funding segment rates are adjusted to fall within a stabilization corridor around a 25-year average of 24-month segment rates. As this corridor widens and as new, lower rates move into the averaging, it’s likely that PPA rates will decrease in the years to come and result in an increase in plan obligations.

For many plans, a 1% change in interest rates—up or down—can change plan liabilities by 10 to 15%. Having a finger on the pulse of this factor will help you anticipate potential liability shifts.

3. Match your risk management strategy to your goal

What are your options for managing your plan’s risk? You have 2 choices—manage the risk in-house or transfer the risk to another organization. Both present unique opportunities for reaching your funded status goal.

Additional considerations for hard-frozen plans

Hard-frozen plans can present special challenges. How do you make sure your funded status is on track so you’re ready to terminate when the time comes? Your actuary should help you with an asset liability modeling study.

An asset liability modeling study compares the impact of various asset allocation strategies and your plan’s:

  • Risk exposure
  • Volatility
  • Projected timeline to termination

As you evaluate the results of the study, look for what gets your organization fully funded on a termination basis in the shortest amount of time. Also, consider what reduces volatility the most and has the lowest cost in a variety of market conditions and interest rate environments.

Aligning pension plan assets with liabilities as funded status improves

A chart showing how funded status improves the more closely defined benefit plan assets are matched with the plan’s liabilities.

You’ll also want to consider the possible impact of different funding strategies. Whether you contribute the minimum required or spread the cost over time, it’s important to choose a funding strategy that works best for your organization.

We can help

Maintaining a pension plan’s targeted funded status can be complicated. Principal is here to help.

We have decades of experience with DB plans across many different industries. That gives us a deep understanding of the challenges you face. Our established best practices and processes can make it easier for you to manage your plan in a way that works for your organization and your participants.

To learn more, give us a call at 800-952-3343, ext. 22681 or contact your advisor.

The subject matter in this communication is educational only and provided with the understanding that Principal® is not rendering legal, accounting, investment advice or tax advice. You should consult with appropriate counsel or other advisors on all matters pertaining to legal, tax, investment or accounting obligations and requirements.

Insurance products and plan administrative services provided through Principal Life Insurance Co., a member of the Principal Financial Group®, Des Moines, Iowa 50392.

Principal, Principal and symbol design and Principal Financial Group are trademarks and service marks of Principal Financial Services, Inc., a member of the Principal Financial Group.